Erev Rosh haShanah, Day 2 — Oh, the Places You’ll Go: Shalom, Shalom la’Rachok v’laKarov

08/10/2014 at 09:26 Leave a comment

OH, THE PLACES YOU’LL GO! (TALMUD EDITION)

Erev Rosh haShanah – ½ Tishrei

Congregation Agudas Achim

 

BERACHOT 34B

MISHNAH

ONE WHO PRAYS, AND MAKES A MISTAKE – IT IS FOR HIM, A BAD SIGN. AND IF THE ONE WHO PRAYS IS A SHALIACH TSIBUR, THEN IT IS BAD FOR THE ENTIRE CONGREGATION, WHO SENT THE LEADER, SINCE A PERSON’S AGENT IS LIKE A PERSON. THEY SAID ABOUT RABBI CHANINA BEN DOSA – THAT HE WOULD PRAY FOR THE SICK, AND THEN HE WOULD SAY, “THIS ONE WILL LIVE AND THIS ONE WILL DIE.” THE PEOPLE ASKED HIM, “HOW DO YOU KNOW?” HE ANSWERED THEM: “IF MY PRAYER IS FLUENT IN MY MOUTH[1] THEN I KNOW THAT MY PRAYER HAS BEEN WELL RECEIVED. HOWEVER, IF MY PRAYER IS NOT FLUENT, THEN I KNOW THAT MY PRAYER HAS BEEN REJECTED.[2]

GEMARA

Q: In which of the blessings of the prayers does this Mishnah make reference (when making a mistake?)

A: Rabbi Chiya said in the name of Rav Safra, who said in the name of one who was part of the Rebbi’s academy: the Mishnah is referring to an error that is made when praying the Avot of the Amidah.

Some taught this in regard to the following Baraita: those who pray should concentrate their thoughts (heart) when praying all of the blessings. However, if one cannot concentrate when reciting all of the blessings, one should at least concentrate in praying one of them. Thus, Rabbi Chiya said in the name of Rav Safra, who said in the name of one who was part of the Rebbi’s academy: at the very least one should concentrate in reciting the Avot.[3]

(THEY SAID ABOUT RABBI CHANINA BEN DOSA)

Q: What is the basis for this ability to tell the difference between who will live and who will die?

A: Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi taught: God creates utterances of the lips – peace, peace for those who are far and for those who are near, said haShem – and I will heal.[4]

 

And Rabbi Chiya bar Abba said in the name of Rabbi Yochanan: all of the prophets prophesied only about the reward for those who make teshuvah – but concerning the reward for the tsadikim gemurim – no eye, except Yours, O God, has seen.

Rabbi Yochanan disagrees with Rabbi Abahu! For Rabbi Abahu taught: in the place where those who make teshuvah stand[5], the tsadikim gemurim do not stand, as it says: shalom, shalom la’rachok v’lakarov. First, haShem extends greetings to one who was far (and made repentance) and then to the one who was near all along.

However, regarding this verse, Rabbi Yochanan would teach: what is the meaning of rachok? One who was far from sin, all along. And what is the meaning of karov? One who was near to sin and now drew away from it.

What is the reward that no eye has seen? Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi taught: This is the extraordinary thing of wine, preserved in its grapes since the six days of Creation. Rabbi Shmuel bar Nachmani taught: this is Eden, upon which the eye of no creature has gazed. And should you ask, where was Adam, the first human, if not in Eden? The answer is that Adam lived in the Garden. And should you persist and say, but the garden is Eden. Our tradition teaches: a river issues from Eden to water the garden[6] — this indicates that the garden is in one place, and that Eden is in another place.

[1] If prayerful words come effortlessly from my heart and flow fluently from my mouth (Rashi).

[2] My prayer request has been torn up by the Heavenly Court (Rashi)

[3] this means not merely knowing the meaning of the words – rather it means that one is always conscious of standing before God in prayer.

[4] Isaiah 57:19. Borei (create) is linked to bari (strong). When prayer is “sound and sure,” there will be healing and peace.

[5] The ba’alei teshuvah stand in the most exalted place – in the Garden of Eden. Among other things the repentant participate in the mitzvah of repentance.

[6] Genesis 2:10

Advertisements

Entry filed under: Uncategorized.

Rosh haShanah, Day 1 — Oh, the Places You’ll Go: Greenland Kol Nidre, 5775 — Oh, the Places You’ll Go — Israel (Independence Grove)

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Trackback this post  |  Subscribe to the comments via RSS Feed


October 2014
S M T W T F S
« Sep   Nov »
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728293031  

%d bloggers like this: